The reason most forex traders lose money isn’t because of inadequate market knowledge or inexperience but due to poor risk management. To be a successful trader, you must determine your risk appetite, identify your risk-reward ratio on every trade, and establish measures to shield yourself from a black swan event or long-tail risk. Let’s look at the six risk management strategies for successful forex traders.
Develop a Forex Trading Plan
Most new forex traders make the mistake of signing into a trading platform and placing a trade based on instinct or a few pieces of information they have gathered. While they may be lucky enough to win some trades, luck is all it is. To manage forex risks properly, develop a trading plan that outlines:
When you intend to open a trade
When to close it
The minimum reward-to-risk ratio
The amount you are ready to risk per every trade
Ensure you stick to your forex trading plan at all times. The plan will enable you to control your emotions when trading as well as protect you from overtrading. It will generally bring discipline into your forex trading.
Pay Attention to Your Risk Tolerance
Risk tolerance is basically a measure of the degree of loss you are willing to endure within your forex trading. You can identify your risk tolerance based on your age, FX trading knowledge and experience, the amount you can willingly lose, and your investment goals. Knowing your risk tolerance will enable you to trade an amount that is in line with your financial situation and an amount you can stand to lose when trading USDT to USD or any other currency pair.
Always Use Limit and Stop Loss Orders
A stop loss can help you shield your trades from unforeseen market movements. You give the stop loss order to allow your trade to automatically close at a predefined price to avoid further losses. When setting your stop loss, ensure you put a level where you cannot lose more than 2% of the trading balance for a trade. Common stops include volatility, equity, margin, and chart stop loss.
Limit Your Leverage Use
A higher forex leverage can increase your exposure level to forex risk. Although leverage enables you to magnify your profits through your trading account, it can similarly increase your losses and risk potential. For instance, if your account has a leverage of 1:30, you can place a trade with $1000 and win up to $30,000 if the market moves in your favor. However, if it moves against you, then the opposite is true. As a trader, only use leverage if you clearly understand its potential rewards and losses.
Diversify Your Forex Portfolio
The old saying of not putting all your eggs in one basket still applies to forex trading. With a diverse investment range, you will be on the safer side if one market drops, as you will still receive profits from other markets that experience robust performance. Manage your risk by letting Forex be a section of your portfolio and not all of it. Also, consider exchanging several currency pairs instead of focusing on only one.
Set the Right Risk to Reward Ratio
A good understanding of the risk/reward ratio (RRR) will help boost your chances of creating profits over time. You can easily compare and measure the length between your entry point and take-profit and stop-loss orders. If you are a day trader or scalper, focus on a minimum RRR of 1:2. Position and swing traders can aim for 1:3.
While winning and losing are part of the trade, proper risk management strategies can help reduce your chances of losing. Always have a trading plan and use a demo account to improve your strategy before shifting to a live trading account